Pachamama Alliance regularly makes many references to the unparallelled biodiversity of the Amazon rainforest, but what do we mean when we say that?
Biodiversity is the variation of life forms within a specific ecosystem, and the Amazon rainforest has more variation than any other terrestrial ecosystem on the planet. One in ten known species in the entire world live in the Amazon, which - as discussed on NBC's recent story on Ecuador's XI oil round - is exactly why we must protect it.
Below, we highlight just a tiny fraction of the magnificent life that exists in the precious Amazon rainforest.
Longhorn BeetlePhoto credit: Flickr user Derek Parker
Over 90% of the Amazon’s species are insects. One square mile of Amazon houses over 50,000 insect species on average. Most of those are varieties of beetle. The Longhorn Beetle can grow to be over 6 inches long.
Peanut Head Beetle
Blue Morpho Butterly
Photo credit: Flickr user Derek Parker
Red Howler Monkey
Many colorful and stunning birds live in the Amazon. There are many species of Macaw and they tend to be very colorful!
The Tupi, also know as the Scarlet Ibis has striking red plumage.
Pink River Dolphin
Fish and amphibians reside in the rivers, lakes and streams of the Amazon. Electric Eels can deliver shocks that can wound and even kill a human. They produce this electricity in pairs of organs located in the eel's abdomen.
Poison Dart Frog
The Poison Dart Frog may only stand a couple inches tall, but this brightly colored amphibian releases poisonous chemicals through the surface of its skin.